In the Anti-Federalist Papers, we see a direct confrontation of The Federalist Papers. Here is an excerpt from one dated 18 October, 1787 where “Brutus” discusses the role of a free republic:
“In a free republic, although all laws are derived from the consent of the people, yet the people do not declare their consent by themselves in person, but by representatives, chosen by them who are supposed to know the minds of their constituents, and to be possessed of integrity* to declare this mind. In every free government, the people must give their assent to the laws by which they are governed. This is the true criterion between a free government and an arbitrary one.”
*My emphasis added.